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Location: Located in south-west and south of the equatorial Pacific, North and South in the general area. Of its narrow scope is that the eastern part of Polynesia, Micronesia in central and western Melanesian group of three islands. The wider context refers to the addition to the three major island groups, but also including Australia, New Zealand and New Guinea Island (Irian Island) and so on.
Geographic regions: Oceania, 14 independent countries, the remaining 10 are still several regions the United States, Britain, France and other countries under the jurisdiction. Geographically divided into Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia in six districts.
Residents: Residents about 0.5% of the world's population. In addition to Antarctica, the world's least populated a continent. Urban population accounted for more than 60% of the total population, is the largest proportion of urban population among all continents of an Island. More than 70% of the inhabitants are descendants of European immigrants; local residents account for about 20% of the total population is mainly Melanesian, Micronesian, Papua people, Polynesians; Indians a total population of about %; In addition, there are mixed, Chinese, overseas Chinese and the Japanese and so on. Most of the residents to Christianity, a few to Catholicism, the Indians more than Hinduism. General English most of the residents, the Pacific island group on the three local residents were used Melanesian, Micronesian and Polynesian languages.
Natural Resources: In addition to Australia, the main minerals are nickel, bauxite, gold, chromium, phosphate, iron, silver, lead, zinc, coal, oil, natural gas, uranium, titanium, nickel reserves of about 46 million tons, ranking the first of all continents. The island is also rich in bird droppings. Oceania forest area of about 76 million hectares, accounting for 9% of the total area. Accounted for 2% of the world's forest area.
Economic summary: Economic mining on agriculture mainly for export rich coconut, sugar cane, pineapple, natural rubber. Main crops are wheat, potato, corn, rice and so on, in most countries and regions, food production, can not be self-sufficient. Animal husbandry developed in order to mainly sheep. Sheep, the first few of the world's first sheep, the total number of about 20% of the world's wool and wool production of about 40% of the total output. Industries for the mining, agricultural and livestock processing. Heavy industry, more developed in Australia and New Zealand, New Caledonia nickel production ranks second in the world, Fiji, Nauru's phosphate mining of gold and more developed.