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Location: Eastern Hemisphere bit northeast, east, north and south respectively, on three sides facing the Pacific Ocean, the Arctic Ocean and the Indian Ocean, west to the Atlantic, the Mediterranean and the Black Sea is the sea.
Area: 44 million sq km (including nearby islands), the world's total land area of about 29.4%, is the world's continents. The Asian continent and the European mainland, collectively known as Asia and Europe, with a total area of 5071 square kilometers, the Asian continent accounts for about 4 / 5.
Scope: mainland east Dezhnev angle (W 169 ° 40 ', latitude 60 ° 05'), south Peay angle (longitude 103 ° 30 ', latitude 1 ° 17'), west to Cape Baba ( longitude 26 ° 03 ', latitude 39 ° 27'), north to Chelyuskin angle (longitude 104 ° 18 ', latitude 77 ° 43'). Northwest to the Ural Mountains, the Ural River, Caspian Sea, the Great Caucasus mountain range, the Bosphorus, Dardanelles and the European boundaries, southwest across the Suez Canal, Red Sea and Africa adjacent to the southeast close to a series of islands surrounded by the Oceania the mainland, across the Northeast and North America across the Bering Strait.
Geographic regions: Asia, a total of 48 countries and regions. Used to be divided into geographically East, Southeast Asia, South Asia, West Asia, Central Asia and North Asia. East Asia includes China, North Korea, South Korea, Mongolia and Japan. Southeast Asia, including Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines, Brunei and other countries. South Asia, including Sri Lanka, Maldives, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and Sikkim. West Asia, also known as South-West Asia, including Afghanistan, Iran, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Turkey, Bangladesh, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, -, Iraq, -, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar and -. Central Asia, including Myanmar, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and southern Kazakhstan. North refers to Russia's Siberia.
Residents: Asia's race, ethnic composition is very complex, especially in South Asia staggering. Huang kinds of people (also known as the Mongolian ethnic origin) as the main race, accounting for 60% of the continent-wide population. I as a white, brown people and ethnic mix of the type. Continent-wide size of the ethnic group, race a total of about 1000, about the world's ethnic, racial half of the total. Of which more than 100 million population of Han nationality, there are only a few hundred of the nation or the number of tribes. Degree of approximation depending on the language, Asia's population belong to Sino-Tibetan, Austro-Asiatic, Altaic, Korean, and Japanese (some think that the two languages undetermined.), Malay - Polynesian languages, Dravidian languages , Semitic - Hamitic languages, Indo-European languages and so on. Asia is Buddhism, Islam and Christianity, the cradle of three great religions.
Natural Resources: Asia's rich in mineral resources, a wide range of multi-rich region. The main minerals are coal, iron, petroleum, tin, tungsten, antimony, copper, lead, zinc, manganese, magnesite, gold, graphite, chromium. Petroleum, tin, magnesite, iron and other reserves rank first in all continents, the world's tin tin reserves of about 60% of the total reserves. Asia, the world's forest area accounts for about 13% of total forest area. Available is also very rich in hydropower resources. Asian coastal fisheries area of the world's coastal fisheries account for about 40% of the total area, the famous fishing grounds are mainly distributed in the eastern coast of the mainland, with China, Zhoushan Islands, the island of Taiwan and the Paracel Islands fisheries, as well as the Sea of Okhotsk, Hokkaido, Kyushu and other fisheries.
Economic summary: In ancient times, people of Asia have created a splendid culture. Well-established that well-developed agriculture and handicrafts, there are many scientific inventions, the development of the world economy has made a great contribution. After the 16th century, Western colonialism and imperialism have invaded many countries and regions have become the colonial and semi-colonial, the economy has been devastated, the national economy developed slowly. Has led many countries and regions, a long period of poor and backward state. At present, Asia except for Japan, most countries are developing countries. Of agriculture in Asian countries account for an important position. Rice, natural rubber, cinchona, Manila hemp, teak, pepper, jute, copra, tea, the world's production accounted for 80% -90% of total production, crude oil, fish, soybeans, cotton production account for the world's total Yield 30% - 40%, tin concentrate production of approximately about 60% of world output, Scheelite, peanut, sesame, tobacco, rapeseed production account for 45% of world production, kapok, silk, dates so the total number of head of livestock production and also ranks in the world. Weak industrial base of most countries, mining and agricultural processing industries of the more advanced, heavy industry is developing. Eastern China, Japan, Korea, Java Island, in western Sri Lanka, India, central, western Turkey, traffic is developed. Maritime transport developed along the southeast coast. Vast inland areas and desert areas to animal-based.